Leg sprain is an overly stretched or torn ligament in the leg. It is triggered when the leg muscles are forced into extreme contraction or stretched beyond its limit normally during physical work-outs.
Types of Leg Strain
There are different types of leg strain, depending on the area where the ligament was overly stretched. These are as follow:
1. Calf Muscle Strain
This is caused when the foot suddenly bends upward, which can occur even while an individual is taking his or her daily strolls.
2. Plantaris Strain
This occurs when the thin muscle located at the lower end of the femur stretches along with the knee joint, which disrupts your knee function.
3. Hamstring Strain
This type of injury occurs at the back of the thigh during high-intensity activities like kicking, jumping, or running.
4. Quadriceps Strain
This is commonly experienced by runners during strenuous leg press. The pain is experienced in the front of the thigh and is characterized as groin pull once the tear becomes fairly high for the muscles.
Symptoms of Leg Sprain
Once a leg sprain occurs, patients will experience muscle pain and tenderness accompanied by a local muscle swelling characterized by blue or black discoloration in the affected area. Due to extreme pain, the patient may find it very difficult to walk.
In order to prevent the pain and difficulty caused by leg sprains, athletes are highly recommended to perform warm-up training before participating in high-risk sports. You should never push yourself too hard even if you wish to lose weight that fast. If need be engaged in stretching and strengthening programs if you feel that your ligaments are not that well trained in handling high-risk sports.
One of the perfect remedies for leg strain is RICE which refers to the following procedures:
- Resting the injured muscles by having a temporary break from your regular sports activities;
- Ice application on the injured area to help reduce swelling;
- Compressing the muscle with the use of an elastic bandage;
- and elevation of the injured leg.
If the pain fails to subside after the RICE treatment, you may ask if your physician can give you a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) like ibuprofen and aspirin. Nevertheless, if you hear your leg muscle pop upon the time of the injury or you experienced extreme difficulty while walking, it is best to lie on the floor and ask someone to call a professional so as not to add more injury to your condition.